Free Content The effect of dosage cards on compliance with directly observed tuberculosis therapy in hospital

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We evaluated the effect of a dosage card signed by both patient and health worker on compliance in a tuberculosis ward. Compliance was assessed by testing a urine specimen from each patient for the presence of isoniazid and rifampicin pre-intervention and at two weeks, six weeks and 16 months post-intervention. Pre-intervention compliance was 62% and increased to 88%, 91% and 93% in the short, medium and long-term, respectively (P = 0.03, P = 0.02, P < 0.01). The assumption that directly observed therapy is successfully practised in hospital is not always correct. Simple inexpensive measures can improve compliance and have an impact on tuberculosis control.

Keywords: compliance; directly observed therapy; hospital; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa 2: Gold Fields of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa 3: National Centre for Occupational Health, Department of Health, Johannesburg, South Africa

Publication date: February 1, 1998

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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