Sanitation and hygiene in South Asia: Progress and challenges

Author: Sijbesma, Christine

Source: Waterlines, Volume 27, Number 3, July 2008 , pp. 184-204(21)

Publisher: Practical Action Publishing

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Abstract:

What can the world learn from achievements and challenges in the field of South Asian sanitation provision? Considerable progress has been made in 10 subject areas: policy development, low-cost solutions, user choice, decentralization, mapping poverty areas, funding of demand creation, motivating users, local production and supply, phasing out ineffective subsidies, and going beyond numbers to healthy practices. Ten others are still under-developed: diversification between and within households, cost-effective promotion, targeting remaining subsidies with equity, upgrading toilets over time, environmental safety, scope for dry toilets, sanitation in urban slums, short-term versus long-term programmes, sustainability of facilities and programmes, and organizational and human capacities, especially at intermediate level.

This paper provides an overview of the South Asian Sanitation & Hygiene Practitioners' Workshop organized by IRC, WaterAid and BRAC in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 29–31 January 2008.

Keywords: BANGLADESH; DEMAND-RESPONSIVE; IEC; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; POLICY; PRIVATE SECTOR; SANITATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3362/1756-3488.2008.023

Publication date: July 1, 2008

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  • Waterlines is a refereed water and sanitation journal dedicated to providing a forum for those involved in water supply, sanitation, hygiene and waste management. It aims to bridge the gap between research and practice in highlighting practical ways of providing low-cost, sustainable water supplies and sanitation facilities in developing countries.

    International journal of appropriate technologies for water supply and sanitation

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