Skip to main content

Eco-friendly Aqueous-based Polyester Chemically Prepared Toner including Crystalline Polyester

Buy Article:

$20.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


In the full color laser printers and copiers, the performance features of high print speed, fine image quality and environmental friendliness are required. Therefore the special toner also has been required for high speed printing and fine image quality. Recently many chemically prepared toners (CPTs) have been proposed, and these toners are suitable to achieve small and narrow particle size distribution. But most of these toners use styrene acrylic resin, and only a few toners use polyester which is superior to styrene acrylic resin in low-energy fusing. But due to the use of organic solvents in the manufacturing process, environmental friendliness remains a matter for improvement in polyester CPTs.

We reported a novel PES CPT without using any solvent in the manufacturing process at NIP27 and NIP28.

In this study, three technologies for advanced PES CPT were described.

1) To develop polyester chemically prepared toner which has larger fusing latitudes for full color printers, we developed a technology to cross-link polyester with oxazoline polymer.

2) To develop eco-friendly polyester chemically prepared toner for low-energy fusing, we tried to introduce crystalline polyester by emulsification in aqueous phase. It was found that crystalline polyester could be emulsified successfully in the presence of amorphous polyester which makes crystalline part soluble with amorphous part.

3) We have found it is possible to make a toner having coreshell structure in which the core contains crystalline polyester for low-temperature fusing and the shell uses seed polymerization of styrene for storage stability. In this seed polymerization process, styrene monomer was reacted and cross-linked with the polyester of surface of the toner particles. The shell made by seed polymerization is suitable to be insoluble with polyester core.

From this study, we could obtain a toner having core-shell structure in which the core contained crystalline polyester and the shell contained amorphous polyester cross-linked by styrene. Furthermore, the toner provided improved performance in storage stability and low-temperature fusing.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more