Skip to main content

Black-Box Models for Laser Electrophotographic Printers – Recent Progress

Buy Article:

$20.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


In the electrophotographic printing process, the deposition of toner within the area of a given printer-addressable pixel is strongly influenced by the values of its neighboring pixels in the digital halftone image. This interaction between neighboring pixels is complex and nonlinear. To account for these effects, a printer model can be embedded in the halftoning algorithm before the printing process. Models that are designed to predict the effect of these factors on the printed halftone page can be used to design halftoning processes that will yield higher print quality, more consistently.

In our previous work, we developed a strategy to account for the impact of a 5×5 neighborhood of pixels on the measured value of a printer-addressable pixel at the center of that neighborhood. We also examined the potential influence of a much larger neighborhood of pixels (45×45) on the central printeraddressable pixel. In the present paper, we improve the design of the test page for 45×45 pixel models to yield more accurate and more robust results with fewer pages. We create six different models to more accurately account for local neighborhood effects and the influence of a 45×45 neighborhood of pixels on the central printer-addressable pixel. These models have a variety of computational structures that allow system designers to choose the model that is best-suited to their particular application. They also offer varying degrees of accuracy. The model validation experimental results show that the best of these new models can yield a significant improvement in the accuracy of the prediction of the pixel values of the printed halftone image. With respect to prediction of mean absorptance (cross-validation), we gain over a 4× improvement in accuracy between the best of the six new models and our previous 5×5 model.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more