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Optimization of Titania Thickness of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell(DSC) Utilizing Patterning with Electrostatically-Injected Droplet (PELID) Method

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Abstract:

Solar cell is one of the key technologies in this century because this has possibility to clear energy problems. In this paper, we tried to pattern titania layer of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) utilizing PELID method. The PELID method is an inkjet fabrication method. The PELID method has good merit; that is ability to eject highly viscous liquid. We applied the merit for patterning titania paste on FTO (Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide) glass. The thickness of titania layer was controlled by the time to print. DSC is composed of electrolyte that is sandwiched between FTO glass and Pt electrode. Titania and N3 are patterned on FTO glass. The efficiency is not so high. The main purpose of the study is to improve the efficiency. The fabrication process of the DSC was simple. Titania paste was patterned on FTO glass utilizing doctor blade. The patterned paste was dried and sintered. The thickness of the layer was controlled by the spacer between the doctor blade and the glass. In the former study, the thickness was not changed, however it is essential to determine the thickness to achieve the highest efficiency. Because best thickness will be changed by the chemical characteristics of titania, new fabrication method that can change the thickness easily should be developed. We developed the PELID method.

In this paper, we have optimized of titania layer by controlling the coating time and profile utilizing PELID method. We have demonstrated that optimizing titania layer by PELID method is possible to improve the efficiency of the DSC.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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