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Toner Fix Analysis Using Numerical Simulation Techniques

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Numerical simulation method is proposed to predict fix strength on a destruction test of fixed image on a xerography fusing system. The 2-Dimensional ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian) fluid and non-isothermal simulation can solve toners transitional deforming on a fuser nip and calculate a contact area between the toner and a paper, which takes into account involved factors: viscoelasticity of the toner and its temperature dependence, thermophysical properties of the toner and a fusing material, loading conditions, and fusing temperature etc. In addition, the structural simulation is applied to clarify how a fusing material fit the roughness on the paper structure and is combined with the fluid simulation. The combined method can calculate the contact area on images of both high and low density, which agrees with experiments of that when the type of toner is changed. Additionally, the results show that roughness on a paper structure affects the fix strength which strongly depends on the contact area. This method can be used to design fusing systems and toner properties.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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