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Incremental Information Objects and Progressive Barcodes

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In the fast-changing world of actionable printing, there has recently been a huge increase in the adoption of 2D barcodes for enterprise and consumer applications. The Data Matrix 2D barcode has become a primary carrier of supply chain information, most notably for track and trace. The QR (Quick Response) 2D barcode, meanwhile, has spread from Japan to the rest of the world, and is a standard means of connecting a barcode to a URL. We have previously developed a 3D (color + 2D) barcode that increases the barcode data capacity and provides branding possibilities. In this paper, we introduce the 4D barcode (color + 2D + time) as a means of using the same barcode location for multiple barcodes through time. This supports many enterprise workflows, including document lifecycles. In this paper, we consider the theory behind incremental information objects (IIOs), of which progressive barcodes are a key incarnation. We show that the set of progressive barcodes comprising a lifecycle can contain up to twice the data of the associated single-time 3D color barcode.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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