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Incremental Information Objects and Progressive Barcodes

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In the fast-changing world of actionable printing, there has recently been a huge increase in the adoption of 2D barcodes for enterprise and consumer applications. The Data Matrix 2D barcode has become a primary carrier of supply chain information, most notably for track and trace. The QR (Quick Response) 2D barcode, meanwhile, has spread from Japan to the rest of the world, and is a standard means of connecting a barcode to a URL. We have previously developed a 3D (color + 2D) barcode that increases the barcode data capacity and provides branding possibilities. In this paper, we introduce the 4D barcode (color + 2D + time) as a means of using the same barcode location for multiple barcodes through time. This supports many enterprise workflows, including document lifecycles. In this paper, we consider the theory behind incremental information objects (IIOs), of which progressive barcodes are a key incarnation. We show that the set of progressive barcodes comprising a lifecycle can contain up to twice the data of the associated single-time 3D color barcode.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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