The Effect of Carrier Surface Morphology on the Triboelectric and Imaging Performance of Insulative Two-Component Xerographic Developers

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Xerography is based on the development of latent electrostatic images by triboelectrically-charged toner particles. In a two-component (TCD) developer, the toner particles are triboelectrically charged via energetic mixing with polymer-coated magnetic carrier beads. Since the TCD xerographic development process is non-linearly related to TCD developer properties (e.g. toner charge, toner supply, powder flow mechanics, etc.), TCD aging can be a major factor for eventual imaging failure. In this review, simple parametric models of triboelectric charging and xerographic development will be combined to illustrate some of the major effects of changes in carrier bead surface chemistry on insulative TCD xerographic development.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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