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Fundamental Characteristics on Patterning TiO2 of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Utilizing PELID (Patterning with Electrostatically-Injected Droplet) Method

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Solar cell is one of the key technologies in this century because this has possibility to clear energy problems. In this paper, we tried to pattern titania layer of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) utilizing PELID method. The PELID method is an inkjet fabrication method. The PELID method has good merit; that is ability to eject highly viscous liquid. We applied the merit for patterning titania paste on FTO (Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide) glass. The thickness of titania layer was controlled by the time to print. DSC is composed of electrolyte that is sandwiched between FTO glass and Pt electrode. Titania and N3 are patterned on FTO glass. The efficiency is not so high. The main purpose of the study is to improve the efficiency. The fabrication process of the DSC was simple. Titania paste was patterned on FTO glass utilizing doctor blade. The patterned paste was dried and sintered. The thickness of the layer was controlled by the spacer between the doctor blade and the glass. In the former study, the thickness was not changed, however it is essential to determine the thickness to achieve the highest efficiency. Because best thickness will be changed by the chemical characteristics of titania, new fabrication method that can change the thickness easily should be developed. We developed the PELID method. When the strong electric field was applied to a nozzle, small droplets were ejected by the electrostatic force.

In this paper, we applied the PELID method to pattern titania on FTO glass. The thickness of patterned titania layer was investigated.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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