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Simulation of Toner Manufacturing Process

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Toner manufacturing process involves a series op operations including mixing, extruding, crushing and pulverizing. Simulation of such processes requires modeling of microscopic properties of material as well as macroscopic behavior of billions of particles in full size production equipment. Scale-up from prototype to full scale is difficult unless the details of the process and physical properties of the material are understood in from a single particle to a large collection of particles.

In this paper, we use two models and link them to predict the overall toner production process. We use a DEM model of individual particles while we use a flow model to describe the behavior of. The limitation of such computations is the number of particles. Even a small scale prototype requires analysis of billions of particles which is not practical with everyday computers. Thus, we perform simple experiments to validate the DEM models with smaller number of particles. The purpose of this analysis is to find a direct relationship with measurable physical properties of toners and the motion and particle size history.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2011

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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