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Improvement of the Quality of Digital Printing Using Conditional Halftoning Function

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Printed images usually suffer to halftone dot contacts and thus lose their tone details where that contact takes place. Dot contacts should be avoided by means of certain technical approaches as early as image processing stages. This paper begins with the mathematical analysis of the mechanism of dot contact regarding different dot shapes of round, square and diamond. Then experiments were carried out to verify theoretical results derived through outputting single-color chips (20 mm×20 mm) using HP indigo 3550 press with paralyzing its dot gain compensation function. Chips under research were designed with dot area percentages varying from 25% to 80%, and two levels of resolution (600 and 1200 dpi) were used respectively for each dot area percentage. The theoretical analysis showed that dot contacts happened in case of dot area percentage 78.5% for the round dots, 50% for the square dots, 35% (first contact) and 65% (second contact) for the diamond dots, respectively. Jumps in dot density were employed to determine whether the dot contact happened or not. It was observed that halftone dot contacts occurred at the dot area percentage 71% for the round dots, 47% for the square dots, 34% (first contact) and 62% (second contact) for the diamond dots, all lower than their corresponding theoretical values. A conditional halftoning function was designed on the basis of experimental results, which was programmed using the PostScript language. The averaged density difference tested at the 34% of dot area percentage was 0.026, 47% was 0.025, 62% was 0.034 and 71% was 0.041, where the normal halftoning technology was used. In contrast, the averaged density difference was reduced to 0.005 at the 34%, 0.012 at the 47%, 0.016 at the 62% and 0.019 at the 71%, in the case of using conditional halftoning function. These results indicate that the conditional halftoning function is useful for diminishing halftone dot contacts. This study provides a promising halftoning method to improve the quality of digital printing that is subject to the negative effect of halftone dot contacts.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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