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Effects of Nitrogen Dioxide on the Various Digital Print Technologies: Photographs and Documents

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The purpose of this study was to survey the most common types of digital print materials to determine their resistance to fade or yellowing by nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a pollutant commonly found in indoor environments to different degrees. For this experiment, various types of inkjet, dye sublimation, and electrophotographic prints (including digital press) were exposed to 5 ppm NO2 for four weeks. The sensitivities of the digital prints were then compared to those of traditionally printed materials (black-and-white electrophotographic, color photographic, and offset lithographic). Inkjet dye inks and the color dyes in traditional photographic prints were the most prone to fade by NO2. Traditional photographic, digital press, and offset lithographic papers were the most prone to yellowing by NO2. Black colorants were fairly robust indicating that most text-only documents should be very resistant to NO2 induced fade, though the papers may still yellow. Additionally, some inkjet dyes bled slightly to severely, depending on the printer and paper combination, causing the prints to appear discolored and blurred. This could result in loss of detail in images or a reduction in the readability of text in documents. This effect has not been reported with ozone exposures.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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