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Toner Charge and Environmental Interactions with Toner Adhesion

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Understanding charged particle adhesion forces is a critical step in the understanding and modeling of electrophotographic printing processes. Electrostatic and mechanical (Van der Waals) forces are both significant contributors to toner adhesion to substrates, and previous work has shown these to have roughly equivalent magnitudes in modern printer designs. Measuring distributions of toner adhesion as a function of multiple parameters including environmental and toner charge variation has revealed that there are additional interactions beyond Coulombic Attraction and dipole induced London-Van der Waals' forces which are significant contributors to system performance. A model for toner adhesion is presented, including a term which describes the increased adhesion resulting from particle deformation at higher temperatures. Experimental results show good correlation to the model.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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