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Numerical Simulation on Dynamics of Toner and Carrier Particles in Two-Component Magnetic Brush Development System in Electrophotography

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We have developed a numerical method for calculating the motion of toner and carrier particles in an electrophotographic two-component magnetic brush development system by using a three-dimensional distinct element method. A characteristic feature of this simulation method is that forces applied to toner and carrier particles include not only magnetic but also electrostatic forces involving a time-dependent electric current in the brush of conductive carrier particles. A parallelization technique for numerical computation was adopted in order to reduce the calculation time. The calculation results qualitatively agreed with the experimental observations in that the number of developed toner particles increases with the development voltage, as well as that some carrier particles adhere to the surface of the photoreceptor drum upon application of high development voltage. It is expected that the presented numerical method can be utilized for the improvement of the two-component magnetic brush development system in electrophotography.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2011

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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