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Ultra-High Speed Particle Image Velocimetry on Drop-on-Demand Jetting

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Abstract:

An experimental setup to study the dynamics of droplet jetting from a commercially available print-head is described. A MicroFab print-head with an 80 μm diameter transparent nozzle was set to print droplets at a speed of 5 m/s at a frequency of 7 kHz. A Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) scheme consisting of an optical microscope coupled to an ultra-high speed camera is utilized to capture the motion of particles suspended in a model transparent ink. This experimental arrangement images the flow at the centre of a glass cylindrical nozzle and above the fluid meniscus at a speed of half a million frames per second. Velocity fields are obtained from an approximately 200 μm thickness layer of fluid at the inside of the nozzle. Experimental results are compared with Lagrangian finite-element numerical simulations under identical fluid and jetting conditions with good agreement. The advantages, challenges and current limitations of this approach are discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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