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Nozzle Plate Observations during Printing: Pooling and its Impact on Reliability

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Many factors control the reliability of a print head during use. Apart from altering the jetting condition like drop velocity and frequency, reliability can be controlled during the development of the waveform for the ink/print head combination. It may also be modified through careful control of the components and the physical properties of ink.

Typically drops are observed in flight while waveform is developed to produce drops of the desired characteristics. Through close observation of the nozzle plate during this process it was noted how the non-firing neighbours of printing channels were prone to pool under certain conditions while pooling around the jetting channel would have been expected. Adjustment to waveforms to reduce the degree of pooling was found to improve printhead reliability.

Work did not concentrate solely on waveform development. Improvement to jetting and reliability was also found through fine tuning the composition of the ink. Similarly, conditioning the nozzle plate was found to slow the onset of pooling. This may offer an alternative approach to improving print reliability through ink or waveform modification since wiping the nozzle plate may be included as part of the maintenance routine.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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