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Toner Adhesion Measurement

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Toner adhesion to printer components is an important factor in determining the force needed for good image quality. Controversy remains as to the dominance of electrical or mechanical (Van der Waals) forces as force measurements have yielded a large range of results. A new measurement tool has been developed to measure the cumulative distribution of toner adhesion from toner transferred onto an intermediate belt. The tool consists of a metered pulse of air directed perpendicularly onto a toner isopel pattern. Printed thin lines of toner were used to calibrate isopel removal to known air force. Air velocity at toner level was found through Navier-Stokes. Resulting removal distributions correlate to transfer field parameters. The last few percent of toner remain attached to the substrate due to toner damage which results in high mechanical adhesion.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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