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Simulation of Two-Component Development Process for Frontloading Design

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This report describes simulation technologies for digital frontloading of two-component development process in electrophotography. Electrophotography entails using multiphysics involving phenomena with yet unclear mechanisms such as air breakdown, tribocharging and powder dynamics. Thus, it requires much effort and many resources to develop electrophotography products. Numerical simulation is widely recognized as one of valid approaches to overcome these difficulties in product design. A tool for simulating the two-component development process has been developed including particle motion calculation using the Distinct Element Method and electric filed calculation using the Finite Element Method. The tool working on PC clusters is equipped with force decomposition method as a high-efficiency parallel computation algorithm to reduce calculation time. In addition, GUIs, and an online portal for PC clusters has been developed to support product designers utilizing the simulation tool. Validity of the tool was confirmed by comparison of developed toner mass and developer mass on development roller with the experimental results.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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