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Simulation of Two-Component Development Process for Frontloading Design

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This report describes simulation technologies for digital frontloading of two-component development process in electrophotography. Electrophotography entails using multiphysics involving phenomena with yet unclear mechanisms such as air breakdown, tribocharging and powder dynamics. Thus, it requires much effort and many resources to develop electrophotography products. Numerical simulation is widely recognized as one of valid approaches to overcome these difficulties in product design. A tool for simulating the two-component development process has been developed including particle motion calculation using the Distinct Element Method and electric filed calculation using the Finite Element Method. The tool working on PC clusters is equipped with force decomposition method as a high-efficiency parallel computation algorithm to reduce calculation time. In addition, GUIs, and an online portal for PC clusters has been developed to support product designers utilizing the simulation tool. Validity of the tool was confirmed by comparison of developed toner mass and developer mass on development roller with the experimental results.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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