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Effect of Surface Treatment of Carrier on Toner Charging Characteristics

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Nowadays the two-component developers are widely used in electrophotography. In two-component developing system toner is tribo-electrically charged by contacting with carrier. In this study, two types of crushed toners categorized according to the constitution of external additives and four types of carriers which are also categorized according to the surface treatment were used for the experiment. The toner charge distribution is changed by the type of carrier coating and concentration of external additives as well. The Aerodynamic size and electrostatic charge distribution of the toner particles are measured individually by E-SPART (Electrical Single Particle Aerodynamic Relaxation Time) analyzer.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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