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Adhesion and Adhesion Distribution in a Model Toner System

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In this work, we report the use of a micro-cantilever to measure the rolling resistance of toner particles on a silicon wafer, as a mean to model the Van Waals adhesion between a toner particle and a surface. Results show that there exists a distribution of adhesion in a given toner sample. For a batch of well-blended toner with 100% surface additive coverage, we observe relatively low adhesion with a narrow distribution of adhesion, which is in contrast to the base polymer particle where the adhesion is high and the distribution is broad. For toner with 10% surface area coverage, we observe a very broad distribution of adhesion. The adhesion ranges from high, comparable to the base polymer, to low, comparable to a toner with 100% additive coverage. The results suggest that there is a variation of adhesion on the toner surface for toner with <100% surface area coverage. When the additive covered toner surface is landed on the Si wafer, low adhesion is resulted. When the bare toner surface is landed on the Si wafer, relatively high adhesion is obtained. The use of this rolling resistance technique to determine the distribution of adhesion within a toner sample is discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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