A Gonio-photometric Analysis of Ink Jet Bronzing

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Bronzing is an optical phenomenon often observed in inkjet and some other ink/paper systems and is generally considered to be a detriment to image quality. An instrumental technique has been developed for characterizing bronzing based on goniophotometric analysis in red, green, and blue light. Analysis of the instrumental results can be shown to relate directly to Fresnel specular reflectance factors, ρ. Measurements of ρ were made in red, green, and blue light to quantify chromatic attributes of gloss. The analytical metrics were shown to relate both to the underlying optical properties of the inks and to the visual perception of gloss attributes.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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