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The study of the difference of toner-motion among several development systems

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The development system in electrophotography had been numerically investigated using a three-dimensional dynamic model. The simulation of the toner dynamics in the development process was carried out using the Finite Difference Method (FDM) for the electric field calculation, the superposition method for the magnetic field and the Distinct Element Method (DEM) for the calculation of particle motion in the development area. A nonmagnetic development system, a magnetic single-component development system and two-component development system were analyzed with these methods. The parameters of the development process for numerical simulation were possibly the same values for the development systems. The followings were deduced from this study. (1) The difference of particle charge distributions made the characteristic among individual development systems. (2) A nonmagnetic development system was most influenced by the space charge limit. (3) The toner chain of the magnetic single-component development system made a contribution to increasing the number of effective toner for development. (4) Toner motion in the twocomponent development system was controlled by the chargebalance of toner and carrier particles.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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