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Texture Characterization of Chemically Prepared Toners

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Texture of toners affects many electrophotogaphic properties. The limited coalescence manufacturing method used to make chemically prepared toner (CPT) results in folded spheres with complex shapes. The thickness and quantity of these folds may be assessed by the amplification of light scattering. Evaluation of SEM photomicrographs shows a correlation of the fold thickness and light-scattering amplification. The angular scattering information indicates that the amplification occurs over all size scales rather than that of the fold thickness. Other texture information may be gathered from surface area and the cavity volume included in the folds. The included cavity volume of the folds may be assessed by the combination of spherical equivalent and aerodynamic diameters.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

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