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Environmental Issues and Non-Impact Printing

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The emissions from low speed and high speed non-impact printers during their life cycle have been documented.

This paper emphasizes key environmental aspects of toner materials including material constraints, air quality, recycling and end of life disposition details. The material constraints were apparently driven by regulatory agencies guidelines and customer perceptions. The requirements of regulatory agencies like OSHA, US EPA, Prop 65, JIS and Blue Angel will be reviewed. The maximum emission levels will be discussed for volatile organic compounds like benzene, Styrene, toluene, aldehydes etc.

The regulatory agency requirements, test procedures and official test protocols for toner manufacturers, raw material suppliers, and end users will be discussed. The environmental requirements of two major types of toners (styrene-acrylate and polyester) will be reviewed. The styrene based toners have an historical performance database and polyester toners are gaining massive usage at the present time. With the advent of nano materials, they do pose newer challenges for this industry. These aspects will be discussed in this paper.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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