The emissions from low speed and high speed non-impact printers during their life cycle have been documented. This paper emphasizes key environmental aspects of toner materials including material constraints, air quality, recycling and end of life disposition details. The material
constraints were apparently driven by regulatory agencies guidelines and customer perceptions. The requirements of regulatory agencies like OSHA, US EPA, Prop 65, JIS and Blue Angel will be reviewed. The maximum emission levels will be discussed for volatile organic compounds like benzene,
Styrene, toluene, aldehydes etc. The regulatory agency requirements, test procedures and official test protocols for toner manufacturers, raw material suppliers, and end users will be discussed. The environmental requirements of two major types of toners (styrene-acrylate and polyester)
will be reviewed. The styrene based toners have an historical performance database and polyester toners are gaining massive usage at the present time. With the advent of nano materials, they do pose newer challenges for this industry. These aspects will be discussed in this paper.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2007
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For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.
Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.