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Stain Resistance as Part of Image Permanence for Consumer Digital Inkjet and Thermal Imaging Systems

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Methods for determining overall print permanence or image stability for digital inkjet and thermal photographic prints have been well defined and are used to represent typical “long-term, home storage conditions” for consumer prints. What these methods do not take into consideration are instances where a consumer might accidentally spill substances onto unprotected prints resulting in unwanted staining. Typical substances can range from high staining materials such as coffee to lower staining materials such as milk. In these instances, stain resistance could certainly impact the long-term preservation of consumer prints. To date, the only existing international standards for this type of image degradation include an ASTM procedure for stain resistance and an ISO procedure for water resistance. This paper will discuss the importance of considering stain resistance as part of long-term image permanence criteria for digital consumer color prints and shortcomings associated with the current international standards. In addition, supporting data from several digital inkjet and thermal imaging systems using a variety of staining substances will be discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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