Stain Resistance as Part of Image Permanence for Consumer Digital Inkjet and Thermal Imaging Systems

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Methods for determining overall print permanence or image stability for digital inkjet and thermal photographic prints have been well defined and are used to represent typical “long-term, home storage conditions” for consumer prints. What these methods do not take into consideration are instances where a consumer might accidentally spill substances onto unprotected prints resulting in unwanted staining. Typical substances can range from high staining materials such as coffee to lower staining materials such as milk. In these instances, stain resistance could certainly impact the long-term preservation of consumer prints. To date, the only existing international standards for this type of image degradation include an ASTM procedure for stain resistance and an ISO procedure for water resistance. This paper will discuss the importance of considering stain resistance as part of long-term image permanence criteria for digital consumer color prints and shortcomings associated with the current international standards. In addition, supporting data from several digital inkjet and thermal imaging systems using a variety of staining substances will be discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2007

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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