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Calibration of Gloss Measurements

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Print gloss and attributes such as differential gloss and gloss uniformity are closely related to the specular reflectance characteristics of printed images. An instrument has been developed for the quantitative measurement of the specular reflectance of printed images based on gonio-photometric and micro-densitometric techniques. The device, called a micro-goniophotometer, can be calibrated to known reference materials and produce quantitative analytical information on the specular reflectance of printed materials. The reflectance factors are resolved both angularly, to yield a BRDF, and spatially to provide a measure of gloss variation resolved to the micro-scale. As a result, the causes of gloss differences can be parsed into differences in (a) angular distribution of reflected light, (b) optical constants of the materials, and (c) sub-structural reflectance factors. Examples of the application of the instrument to the characterization of different types of gloss phenomena will be presented along with a description of the configuration and calibration of the instrument.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.
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