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Suppression of Automoiré in Multi-Level Supercell Halftone Screen Designs

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An optimization approach is proposed for suppressing the automoiré, also known as internal moiré, in multi-level periodic screen designs. This artifact can appear when the halftone dots of a rational tangent screen do not have integer offsets in pixels. Starting with an ideal continuous space halftone pattern for a given level, a bounded, constrained convex optimization problem is solved to obtain the best discrete space halftone pattern values on the pixels of the supercell tile. The optimization minimizes a least-squares spatial frequency weighted difference between the pattern when first reconstructed to continuous space by the printing system (e.g. exposure) and the ideal pattern. The resulting halftone pattern has been found to typically contain very little energy outside of the screen's fundamental frequencies and harmonics while preserving the original ideal dot shape reasonably well. A series of such patterns so derived can be converted to multi-level threshold arrays if the pattern values are quantized and the stacking constraint is enforced during optimization.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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