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Estimation of developed toner mass in two-component electrophotographic system by large-scale Discrete Element Method

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The developing behavior of toner particles in a twocomponent development system was simulated to find out the correlation between experimental and simulated results by using large-scale Discrete Element Method (DEM). The effects of developing bias frequency or circumferential speed of photoreceptor on the developed toner mass per area (DMA) was discussed both in experimental and simulation works. The toners were adhered on the outside of latent images under the low frequency, and its mass decreased with increasing the frequency. DMA decreased with increasing circumferential speed of photoreceptor, because the toners had less chances to contact the latent image. The image was also damaged by the magnetic brush under the high speed due to an increase of the shear force. The similar tendency was observed under all conditions, and it was found that the simulation results correlate with experimental ones very well. Therefore, this simulation method is useful for the analysis of the developing behavior in electrophotographic system and the optimization or designing of this system will be possible.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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