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Characteristics of Development

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Two-component development systems using magnetic carriers and tribocharged toner particles are well established in electrophotography for high-quality development of electrostatic latent images at high speed. Two main approaches are used for these systems: development utilizing fixed magnets within a rotating developer roller, or development with a moving magnetic field, usually produced by a developer roller with a rotating magnetic core as well as a rotating outer surface or shell. The magnetic field from the rotating magnetic core provides a large amount of kinetic energy to the carrier and the toner particles moving toward the electrostatic latent image. Development to completion has been obtained with a rotating magnetic core development system. Completion is characterized by proportionality between the cube of the toner-charge-to-mass ratio, Q/m, and the voltage to completion, Vc, which is the difference between the developer bias and the voltage of the developed image.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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