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Statistical Consequences of Toner Size and Charge Distributions

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Because of the difference in the nature of forces to separate toners from their carriers, toner samples involved in characterization (e.g. q/m) and in development or transfer process contain distribution of size and charge density different from each other, and from that in a large supply sump. Simulated characterization samples and process samples are created with their respective selection criteria using the Monte Carlo technique. Statistical analyses on the compositions of toner sizes, charges and charge-to-mass ratios in the simulated samples reveal information important in predicting and understanding the performance of electrophotographic toners.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2007

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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