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Improvement of gradient index array using illumination analysis

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A gradient index array, which has plural gradient index rods, is installed in the LED print head. In order to improve optical resolving power of the gradient index array, shielding the rays which blurred images was investigated by using the illumination analysis. In the calculation model, apertures arranged in such a position that outer portions of surfaces of rods in the gradient index array were shielded and the rays near axes of the rods were transmitted.

The illumination analysis was a certain kind of the Monte Carlo calculation; a large amount of random rays was radiated from light sources to images in optical models.

In this study, alterations of the dot diameter and the dot irradiance caused by radiuses of apertures change were analyzed by using the illumination analysis.

The current results in the illumination analysis showed that arranging apertures in the gradient index array provided small dots. Arranging the smaller apertures caused the dots became smaller. At the same time, the reduction in the radius of the apertures increased amounts of the shielded rays so that the dot irradiance became lower.

In addition, arranging the apertures and the reduction in the radius of the apertures enlarged the focus of the gradient index array.

Furthermore, the reduction in the radius of the apertures provided the larger focal depth.

Arranging apertures in gradient index array are effective to control the aberrations. The current analysis shows the LED print head with the apertures will expose smaller dots than a LED print head without the apertures does. In addition, arranging the apertures will permit to ease assembly accuracy of the LED print head.

The apertures are effective to correct the aberrations; however, apertures cannot correct the field curvatures and the distortions. Therefore, the higher resolution images require other investigations to correct these optical problems.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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