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Coupled Analysis of Toner Charging and Development

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The charging behavior of two types of toner particles are studied in detail with specified size and shape distributions with three different charging blades. Discrete Element Method (DEM) is used to calculate the motion and charging of each toner particle passing between a roller and a blade. The output of this analysis is then used as an input to the analysis of the development process again using DEM method. For two print patterns, the development process is calculated. Consequently, the performance of the entire system is measure in terms of the output of the development process. The sensitivity of the performance to different physical properties is presented. These include the choice of the toner and the blade, as well as the voltage difference between the rollers during the development process. Although, these are only a few of the parameters defining the process, the present analytical approach allows a detailed understanding of charging the toner and development of the print pattern as one system. This approach can be extended to include other components of the system of the printing process.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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