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Inkjet Printing discrimination based on invariant moments

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In the field of forensic science the question of finding out a solution to discriminate ink jet printings, provides interesting indicators to investigators. Nevertheless, this task is not obvious because of several parameters such as the media type, the artefact of the printer, the age of the printer and so on. The aim of this study is to identify automatically type and model of a printer from the characters of an anonymous letter for instance. Generally, it is not possible to distinguish a printer from another, just by a visual inspection of the writting. Our work based on recognition pattern consists in finding some features extracted from the letter « a », able to characterize the printer. A stochastic approach is used to identify the invariant features of the letter « a » printed by three kinds of printers: Epson Stylus, Canon i905, HP Photosmart. The principle of the method is based on the calculation of seven invariant moments proposed by Hu3. The distribution of each moment is modelled by a gaussian component in a training phase which contains 80 letters. The test phase is based on different conditions. The first one consists in identifying a printer. The second one evaluates the influence of three word processing software, and at last, the third one proposes a study of the scanner effect. The obtained results reveal that printer discrimination is possible independently from the word processing software. And last the scanner effect decreases significantly the power of discrimination according to the resolution used.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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