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Tribo-Charging Characteristics on Pulverized Toner Particles in Two-Component Developer

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Tribo-charging characteristics on toner in a two-component developer are affected by various factors such as material component, shape, and methods of tribo-charging or measuring. A negative yellow type of pulverized toner is used as a sample, and the material is based on bisphenol A and polyester resin. Tribo-charging treatment is performed by using a developed mixing shaker with arm length of 200 mm. Charge to mass ratio q/m is measured by the E-SPART method. From the experimental results, it is shown that the q/m varies unstably and fluctuates with shaking time within 5 min, but the q/m changes gradually to a constant value of −13.5 μC/g at 20 min after 4 min for the 5 wt% of toner concentration. In order to investigate the change of the q/m, the observation via SEM on toner particles after the shaking treatment is performed. The q/m dependence on toner concentration from 1 wt% to 10 wt% in the developer is also reported.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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