Skip to main content

Performance Optimization of Functional Fumed Metallic Oxide Based External Additives for Toner

Buy Article:

$20.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Surface modified inorganic fine particles such as silica, titania and alumina are used as external additives to toners in order to enhance the flowability, tribo-electrostatic charge behavior, image property and other performance factors. Due to the adhesion of fumed oxide based additives to the toner surface, the selection of specific external additives has a significant impact on final toner performance. Each external additive has distinctive properties that are affected by diameter, surface conditions, structure, and electric charge. Smaller particles enhance the flowability of the toner. Coating of toner with titania and alumina stabilizes the electrostatic values when charged by friction. This is because, the external additives have a weaker tribo-electrostatic charge and lower electric resistance compared to silica. These inorganic particles are also believed to prevent filming by minimizing the toner impaction process due to enhanced free flow and by polishing the toner adhering to the photo conductor. In this paper, we would like to present an experimental set up to simulate the performance of fumed oxide particles in terms of polishing the filming toner particles.

This paper summarizes the influence of various external additives on aspects of toner performance such as flowability, tribo-electrostatic charge (T-ESC) and cleaning properties.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more
Real Time Web Analytics