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Blue Angel Award Criteria for Electrophotographic Toner

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The German Blue Angel eco-label (Blauer Engel, English and German information are available) established in 1978 is among the oldest so-called third-party voluntary “Seal of Approval” distinguishing environmentally improved products from ordinary ones. The following applications families are considered to be relevant for the non-impact printing industry: UZ 55: Reusable Toner Modules, UZ 62: Copiers, UZ 85: Printers and UZ 114: Multifunctional Devices. The basic requirements defined include the choice and labeling of material used in construction as well as noise development and power consumption during use. The award criteria were amended in January/February 2004 prohibiting not only the use of heavy metals, azo-dyes and other hazardous substances as evidenced by negative AMES test in toner, but also defining maximum limits for emissions from toner for the first time. Maximum emission levels were defined for volatile organic compounds, such as, in particular, benzene and styrene, for ozone and for dust.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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