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Generating Digital Image of Ukiyoe by Applying the Kubelka-Munk Theory

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Ukiyoe is a kind of multicolored woodcut print made in Japan in about the 16th century. Those prints now existing have been discolored. The authors tried to print a digital image of Ukiyoe by using Kubelka-Munk theory. First, the image data were obtained by tracing outline of each colored region with a graphic software on the real Ukiyoe image scanned. Those data show the shapes of each plate on multicolored woodcut print. Next, the absorption coefficient and the scattering coefficient, K and S, of some colorants (watercolors, Japanese traditional pigments) were calculated. And then, the spectral reflectance of all the pixels of final digital image was calculated from K and S of paints, thickness of paints layer, roughness of the surface of the paper, and the image data holding shape of each plate. Then the reflectance was transformed into sRGB digital counts, and the digital image was printed with an inkjet printer. It was confirmed that the color with two or more layers, and the textures derived on the paper surface were more realistically reproduced.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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