A Digital Halftoning Using Magic Square
This paper proposes a novel method for generating ordered dither mask using “magic square”. Magic square provides spatially balanced threshold values in row, column, and diagonal directions by the rule of “even-sum”. The proposed magic square satisfies the energy minimum criterion in the local area and is expandable to a large scale for sufficient gray scales. We selected the magic square candidates with Fourier spectra concentrated in the middle spatial frequency to produce a smoothed gradation suitable for LBP or commercial printing. The paper introduces a systematic method for expanding small mask to large mask by “master-slave” algorithm. The experimental results show the improved grayscale reproduction with reduced artifacts in comparison with the conventional Bayer dither or ED.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-01-01
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