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Extrinsic Signature Embedding in Text Document Using Exposure Modulation for Information Hiding and Secure Printing in Electrophotography

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Printer identification based on a printed document can provide forensic information to protect copyright and verify authenticity. In addition to intrinsic features (intrinsic signatures) of the printer, modulating the printing process to embed specific signature (extrinsic signatures) will further extend the encoding capacity. Some features generated by modulating EP process such like raggedness of the edge in the text, can be designed and utilized to help develop the extrinsic signature. By increasing the level of modulation, which increase reliability of detection and thus capacity, we can drive the extrinsic signature to a point without perceptual degradation of the image quality. In this paper, we will investigate embedding extrinsic signature in text documents using laser intensity as a signal modulation source and develop extrinsic signatures using both frequency as well as amplitude modulation. Preliminary experimental results showed that it is feasible to embed detectable extrinsic signatures in text characters without degrading perceptual text quality.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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