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Investigation of the Behavior of Optical Based Toner-Level Sensing

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The optical based toner-level sensor (TLS) is extensively used in color LaserJet printers to monitor the remaining toner in a cartridge, which helps users know when to change and reorder replacement cartridges. Our recent study found that the optical based TLS signals exhibit large variation. In order to have a better understanding of the optical based TLS technology, statistically designed experiments were used to identify the factors that most significantly impact variation of the signal. Six major factors were investigated in this study. It was found that different toner colors with different toner levels have different significant factors. The governing equation of translational motion for particulate materials is used to qualitatively explain the observed phenomena.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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