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Inkjet Printing and the Clean Air Act

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Inkjet printing is widely used to output images. While many believe inkjet to be a green technology, there are environmental issues associated with its use — primarily emissions to air. The Clean Air Act regulates the emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants (HAPs). Both categories of substances are found in inkjet ink systems. To determine whether air regulations impact their operations, all inkjet printing facilities should calculate their total emissions of VOCs and HAPs. These emissions include both potential-to-emit (based on maximum operating capabilities of the equipment and facility) and actual emissions (based on actual operation conditions). Only by making these calculations and comparing the findings to the local regulations, can a digital printer determine their regulatory compliance requirements. Regulations vary across the U.S., based on the quality of the air in the specific geographic location.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.
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