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Inkjet Printing and the Clean Air Act

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Inkjet printing is widely used to output images. While many believe inkjet to be a green technology, there are environmental issues associated with its use — primarily emissions to air. The Clean Air Act regulates the emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants (HAPs). Both categories of substances are found in inkjet ink systems. To determine whether air regulations impact their operations, all inkjet printing facilities should calculate their total emissions of VOCs and HAPs. These emissions include both potential-to-emit (based on maximum operating capabilities of the equipment and facility) and actual emissions (based on actual operation conditions). Only by making these calculations and comparing the findings to the local regulations, can a digital printer determine their regulatory compliance requirements. Regulations vary across the U.S., based on the quality of the air in the specific geographic location.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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