The Charging Characteristics of CCA
Abstract:In recent years, printing speed and resolution in digital printing have been increasing according to various market requirements. As a result, it is required that the toner behaviors in developing system is controlled more precisely and uniformly. In the electrophotographic system, toner charge is one of the important factors to identify toner behaviors.
In general, Charging Control Agent (CCA) is necessary for toner to obtain stable and superior image quality. CCA provides quick charge and suitable triboelectric charging level. Therefore, toner triboelectric charge can be affected by a variety of CCA, CCA content, and so on. In addition, maintenance of a stable and uniform charge requires a balancing of many complex interactions.
In this review, the charging characteristics of CCA are discussed and illustrated using actual experimental data in non-magnetic one component developing system. It is found that the performance of toner charge depends on the type and amount of CCA. We have designed optimum condition to obtain the better performance of toner charging.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-01-01
For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.
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