Charging Characteristics of Polymerized and Pulverized Toner in the Roller Rotation Mixing System of Toner and Carrier

$20.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Toner charge is very important in electrophotographic printing process. Although many studies on toner charging have been carried out, the process is very complex and the understanding of toner charging characteristics is not yet sufficient. In this paper, toner charge distribution is measured by E-SPART (Electrical Single Particle Aerodynamic Relaxation Time) analyzer, which can measure the size and charge of toner. The measured toners are polymerized and pulverized type. Charging is carried out as follows : the toner is mixed with the carrier and the mixture is bottled into the roller, and mixed by rotating the roller. Toner charge dependences on toner wt% are compared between polymerized and pulverized toner.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more