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Toner Characteristics and Xero Interactive Performance of EA Particles with Specific External Additives

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Small particle size of silica and titanium oxide as external additives for toner have been used to control toner flow and charging characteristics.

Recently, in order to meet high priority requirements, such as better image quality and the highest possible reliability, color toner size is getting smaller, and is being covered with highly loaded additives. As the process speed increases, the developer including the toner and carrier, is required to exhibit corresponding developability, transfer, cleaning and fusing characteristics.

It is very difficult to maintain high transfer and cleaning performance of spherical toner with small external additives.

We developed EA (emulsion aggregation) color toner containing at least substantially spherical silica fine particles having a size of 100nm to 150nm and a narrow size distribution. This EA toner exhibits satisfactory fluidity, high transfer efficiency and cleanability while retaining environmental stability and durability. The developer does not cause any toner filming on the surface of a photoreceptor and or on the surface of a carrier.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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