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The Influence of Toner Charge on the Magnetic Chain in the Magnetic Single-Component Development System

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A magnetic single-component development process in electrophotography has interesting characteristics on a magnetic and electrostatic interaction of toner particles. Magnetic force restrains toner adhesion to non-image area and this feature enhances the development. However, long chains made by magnetic interaction force between magnetic toner particles deteriorate toner-image quality on the photoreceptor. It is known from a past experimental study that the magnetic chain length is influenced not only by the magnetic field but also by the electrostatic charge of toner particles. This study confirmed it by using two-dimensional numerical analysis. Simulation of toner dynamics was carried out using the Finite Difference Method (FDM) for the electric field calculation and the Distinct Element Method (DEM) for the calculation of charged magnetic toner motion in the magnetic and electrostatic field. The following were deduced form the investigation. (1) The chain length of toner particles was shortened by the toner charge. (2) In the case that particles does not include wrong-sign toner, charge distribution does not change the chain formation but wrong-sign toner particles influence the chain length and number. (3) The magnetic chain was reconstructed under the application of AC biased potential at the development gap. (4) Toner particles with wrong-sign toner caused a defect of chain images.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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