Nonorthogonal Halftone Screens
Abstract:In color reproduction, the most troublesome moiré pattern is the second-order moiré, or the three-color moiré, usually produced by mixing of cyan, magenta and black halftone outputs. A classical 3-color zero-moiré solution is using three identical cluster halftone screens with different rotations: 15°, 45° and 75°, respectively. However, for most digital printing devices, the size and shape of halftone screens are constrained by the “digital grid”, which defines the locations of printed dots, and therefore, an exact 15° or 75° rotation of a cluster screen is impossible. Although there are many alternative approaches for moiré-free color halftoning, most of them only provide approximate solutions and/or have a tendency to generate additional artifacts associated with halftone outputs. The difficulty to achieve moiré-free color halftoning is greatly relieved by using nonorthogonal halftone screens, i.e., screens in general parallelogram shapes. As a matter of fact, there exist many practical solutions by combining three simple nonorthogonal halftone screens. In this paper, a general condition for 3-color zero-moiré solutions is derived. A procedure using integer equations to search practical solutions for different applications is also described.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-01-01
For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.
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