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Interpretation of Dot Area and Dot Shape of Inkjet Dots Based on Image Analysis

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The dot fidelity of inkjet dots has been investigated for several different coated inkjet papers. Serafano and Pekarovicova have defined dot fidelity in terms of dot area and roundness. For inkjet printers, we can also define a nominal dot area and an “ideal” dot area, once the resolution of the printer is known. The nominal dot area is the area of the square pixel defined by the inverse of the resolution of the printer. The “ideal” dot area is defined as the area of the circle in which the square pixel can be inscribed. This is the smallest circular dot that will cover 100% of the area when all dot positions are printed. This pixel area is π/2 times the area of the square pixel. Thus, we can compare the actual printed dot size with both nominal and ideal dot sizes. This analysis provides a direct interpretation of dot gain, which can be compared with values obtained from densitometry. The dot areas observed in our laboratory varied between 1.25 and 13 times the ideal dot area, depending on the resolution of the printer and whether the coating was matte or glossy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2002-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

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