The Effect of Toner and Carrier Physical Properties on Developer Conductivity

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The electrical conductivity of a two component conductive developer decreases with increasing toner concentration, since the insulative toner particles block carrier-to-carrier contacts. This effect is a function of toner and carrier physical properties such as size, density and the intrinsic conductivity of the carrier particles. However, this effect can be moderated through additional factors such as carrier surface roughness and lubricating toner external additives. In the present paper, these various effects will be illustrated, using an analysis of experimental conductivity data taken on three sizes of model toners.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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