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Robust Spatial-sampling Controller Design for Banding Reduction in Electrophotographic Process

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An improved controller design and implementation technique for electrophotographic process (EP) was proposed. The new controller was modified from a previous design to address two additional issues for generic EP platforms, i.e. reducing position-dependent disturbances and reducing system sensitivity to manufacturing variations in EP engine and consumables. To handle position-dependent periodic disturbances, a digital repetitive controller was developed and implemented using spatial sampling. The result is a control algorithm that will take into account the variation of the nominal operating speed. Second, system variations due to manufacturing variations as well as consumable changes were incorporated into the design of a two degree of freedom (TDOF) robust controller. The controller is optimal in the sense that it minimizes the size of the sensitivity function from a set of disturbance signals to a set of measurable signals critical to print quality, e.g. photoconductor drum velocity or scan line spacing. A suitable trade-off between system performance and robustness to system modeling uncertainties was considered in the synthesis and optimization formulation. The effective-ness of the proposed controller design and implementation technique was numerically and experimentally verified. Printed samples demonstrated significant reduction in visible banding that was verified by reflectance measurement.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2002

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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