Electrostatic Adhesion Forces in Electrophotography

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In electrophotography, images are produced with charged toner particles and photoconductors containing an image-wise surface charge. The toner is tribocharged by contact with magnetic carrier particles and moved into proximity with the photoconductor by magnetic fields acting on the carrier. Toner is removed from the carrier in the electric field of image areas and deposited onto the photoconductor surface, overcoming adhesive forces between the toner and carrier particles. Electrostatic contributions to adhesion and their importance in electrophotography are discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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